Open Wound

by Stanley greene

 

 
S�lection livre: "Open Wound: Chechnya 1994 to 2003"

Khankala. February 1997. Located just outside of Grozny, Khankala is the site of russian headquarters in Chechnya. This nearby field is the site of a mass grave. Dozens of unidentified victims have been found with bullet wounds. This earth is soaked in the blood of numerous wars.

In 1944, Stalin accused the Chechen people of collaboration with the Nazis and exiled them to central Asia and Siberia. Over the following decade Soviet citizens of numerous ethnic backgrounds came to live in Chechnya, starting a process of integration. It was only in 1957, during Khruschev’s time, that the Chechens themselves slowly began to migrate back to their homeland.

January 2003, Marhet Magomadova, 41, with one of her five children. "I am frightened of going back to Argun (near Grozny)", she says. "My children are scared too.They saw their father and uncle die in front of them. They were shot under our eyes by a Russian helicopter gunship."

January 2003, Marhet Magomadova, 41, with one of her five children. "I am frightened of going back to Argun (near Grozny)", she says. "My children are scared too.They saw their father and uncle die in front of them. They were shot under our eyes by a Russian helicopter gunship."

A Chechen woman who fled fighting in Grozny now lives as a refugee in Georgia. Her son was wounded during bombing attacks.

With the break-up of the Soviet Union in 1991, Chechnya’s goal to become an independent Islamic state received surprisingly little reaction from the Kremlin. The reply finally came in late 1994, as Yeltsin began to hint at an armed solution to the situation.

Open Wound

In December 1994, during a military build-up in Chechnya, Russia’s Defense Minister, Pavel Grachev, boasted that he would need only hours and one division of storm troopers to take the Chechen capital, Grozny.

The attack began on New year’s eve, 1994. It was to become the beginning of one hundred years of War.


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